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Decision Tree RegressionΒΆ

A 1D regression with decision tree.

The decision trees is used to fit a sine curve with addition noisy observation. As a result, it learns local linear regressions approximating the sine curve.

We can see that if the maximum depth of the tree (controlled by the max_depth parameter) is set too high, the decision trees learn too fine details of the training data and learn from the noise, i.e. they overfit.


Python source code:


# Import the necessary modules and libraries
import numpy as np
from sklearn.tree import DecisionTreeRegressor
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# Create a random dataset
rng = np.random.RandomState(1)
X = np.sort(5 * rng.rand(80, 1), axis=0)
y = np.sin(X).ravel()
y[::5] += 3 * (0.5 - rng.rand(16))

# Fit regression model
clf_1 = DecisionTreeRegressor(max_depth=2)
clf_2 = DecisionTreeRegressor(max_depth=5), y), y)

# Predict
X_test = np.arange(0.0, 5.0, 0.01)[:, np.newaxis]
y_1 = clf_1.predict(X_test)
y_2 = clf_2.predict(X_test)

# Plot the results
plt.scatter(X, y, c="k", label="data")
plt.plot(X_test, y_1, c="g", label="max_depth=2", linewidth=2)
plt.plot(X_test, y_2, c="r", label="max_depth=5", linewidth=2)
plt.title("Decision Tree Regression")

Total running time of the example: 0.14 seconds ( 0 minutes 0.14 seconds)